Nepal at a Glance
Some Data From Nepal:
- Capital: Kathmandu
- Government: Federal parliamentary republic
- Population: 30 million
- Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in East,
West and South
- Area: 147,181 square kilometers
- Official language: Nepali (Hindi/English is Spoken in big Cities)
- Religion: 81.3% Hinduism, 9% Buddhism, 4.4% Islam, 3% Kirant, 1.4% Christianity, 0.4% Animism
- GDP: Total-$74.020 billion, Per capita-$2,573
- Currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR), Indian Currency is Also Valid
- ISD COde: 00977
- Climate: Spring (March-May), Summer (June-August), Autumn (September-November), Winter (December-February)
- Main Cities: Kathmandu, Pokhara, Lalitpur, Biratnagar, Bharatpur, Birganj, Butwal, Dharan, Bhim Datta, Dhangadhi, Janakpur, Hetauda, Madhyapur Thimi, Bhaktapur, Nepalgunj
- Nepal, the
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked central Himalayan
country in South Asia. It is the 93rd largest country by area.
- Bordering China in the north and India in the south, east, and west, it is
the largest sovereign Himalayan state.
- Nepal does not border
Bangladesh, which is located within only 27 km of its southeastern tip. It
neither borders Bhutan due to the Indian state of Sikkim being located in
- Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains,
subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains,
including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth.
- Kathmandu is
the nation's capital and largest city. It is a multiethnic nation with
Nepali as the official language.
- Modern Nepal is a federal secular
parliamentary republic. It has seven states.
- Nepal is a developing
nation, ranking 145th on the Human Development Index (HDI) in 2014. Nepal is
making steady progress, with the government declaring its commitment to
elevate the nation from least developed country status by 2022.
- Nepal also has a vast potential to generate hydropower for export.
- Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for
Regional Cooperation (SAARC), of which it is a founding member.
- Nepal has long standing bilateral treaties with the United Kingdom since
1923, India since 1950, and China since 1960.
- The military of Nepal
is the fifth largest in South Asia and is notable for its Gurkha history,
particularly during the world wars, and has been a significant contributor
to United Nations peacekeeping operations.
- The Great Himalayan Range
makes up the northern part of Nepal having eight of the world's ten tallest
mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest. It contains
more than 240 peaks over 6,096 m above sea level.
- The Hill Region
abuts the mountains and varies from 800 to 4,000m in altitude with
progression from subtropical climates below 1,200m to alpine climates above
- The Mahabharat Range reaching 1,500 to 3,000m is the
southern limit of this region, with subtropical river valleys and "hills"
alternating to the north of this range.
- Population density is high
in valleys but notably less above 2,000m and very low above 2,500m where
snow occasionally falls in winter.
- The southern lowland plains or
Terai bordering India are part of the northern rim of the Indo-Gangetic
plains. They were formed and are fed by three major Himalayan rivers: the
Kosi, the Narayani, and the Karnali as well as smaller rivers rising below
the permanent snowline. This region has a subtropical to tropical climate.
The fertile and humid south is heavily urbanized.
- Tourism is
considered important industry in Nepal. The hotel industry, travel agencies,
training of tourist guides, and targeted publicity campaigns are the chief
reasons for the remarkable growth of this industry in Nepal, and in
Kathmandu in particular.
- Tourism in Nepal has thrived; it is the country's most
important industry. Tourism is a major source of income for most of the
people in the city, with several hundred thousand visitors annually.
- Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world visit Kathmandu's
religious sites such as Pashupatinath, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath and
Budhanilkantha. Tourism has improved as the country turned into a Democratic
- The high level of tourism is attributed to the natural
grandeur of the Himalayas and the rich cultural heritage of the country.
- With the opening of the tourist industry after the change in the
political scenario of Nepal in 1950, the hotel industry drastically
improved. Now Kathmandu boasts several luxury such as the Hyatt Regency,
Dwarika's, theYak & Yeti, The Everest Hotel, Hotel Radisson, Hotel De
L'Annapurna, The Malla Hotel, Shangri-La Hotel and The Shanker Hotel.
- Nepal is popular for
trekking, hiking, adventure tour, mountaineering, containing some of the
highest and most challenging mountains in the world, including Mount
- Nepal is birth place of Lord Buddha and there are several
holy sites for both Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims. The Himalayan country is
also mostly popular for Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage tours.
- Modern-day India and Nepal initiated their relationship with the 1950
Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship and accompanying secret letters
that defined security relations between the two countries, and an agreement
governing both bilateral trade and trade transiting Indian territory.
- The 1950 treaty and letters exchanged between the then Indian
government and Rana rulers of Nepal, stated that "neither government shall
tolerate any threat to the security of the other by a foreign aggressor" and
obligated both sides "to inform each other of any serious friction or
misunderstanding with any neighboring state likely to cause any breach in
the friendly relations subsisting between the two governments."
- These accords cemented a "special relationship" between India and Nepal that
granted Nepalese the same economic and educational opportunities as Indian
citizens in India and preferential treatment to Indians compared to other
nationalities in Nepal.
- The Indo-Nepal border is open; Nepalese and
Indian nationals may move freely across the border without passports or
visas and may live and work in either country. However, Indians aren't
allowed to own land-properties or work in government institutions in Nepal,
while Nepalese nationals in India are allowed to work in Indian government
institutions (except in some states) and some civil services (the IFS, IAS,